8月 132016
 
 2016年8月13日  日本, ロシア, 文化, 歴史, 満洲

1984年、大阪で一本の古いフィルムが発見された。1943年に満州映画撮影所で製作され、太平洋戦争下の作品としてクオリティ、規模ともに“奇跡”と 言われた伝説の映画『私の鶯(うぐいす)』だった。主演は満州映画を牽引したスター、李香蘭。作品は日本、満州の共同製作で“ミュージカル映画”だ。
戦況が激しさを増す中、現在の貨幣価値として約8億円とも言われる製作費を投じる作品が作られた背景には、平和と芸術を心から望む映画人たちの情熱があった。


8月 092016
 
 2016年8月9日  ガバナンス, 不正, 中国

Abstract:

The Chinese government has long been suspected of hiring as many as 2,000,000 people to surreptitiously insert huge numbers of pseudonymous and other deceptive writings into the stream of real social media posts, as if they were the genuine opinions of ordinary people. Many academics, and most journalists and activists, claim that these so-called “50c party” posts vociferously argue for the government’s side in political and policy debates. As we show, this is also true of the vast majority of posts openly accused on social media of being 50c. Yet, almost no systematic empirical evidence exists for this claim, or, more importantly, for the Chinese regime’s strategic objective in pursuing this activity. In the first large scale empirical analysis of this operation, we show how to identify the secretive authors of these posts, the posts written by them, and their content. We estimate that the government fabricates and posts about 448 million social media comments a year. In contrast to prior claims, we show that the Chinese regime’s strategy is to avoid arguing with skeptics of the party and the government, and to not even discuss controversial issues. We infer that the goal of this massive secretive operation is instead to regularly distract the public and change the subject, as most of the these posts involve cheerleading for China, the revolutionary history of the Communist Party, or other symbols of the regime. We discuss how these results fit with what is known about the Chinese censorship program, and suggest how they may change our broader theoretical understanding of “common knowledge” and information control in authoritarian regimes.
http://gking.harvard.edu/50c


8月 092016
 
 2016年8月9日  日本, 北朝鮮, 歴史, 韓国

製作/東亜映画製作所 原作/朴英煕(パク・ヨンヒ) 脚色/安夕影(アン・ソギョン) 撮影/李明雨(イ・ミョンウ) 出演/崔雲峰(チェ・ウンボ ン)、李錦龍(イ・クムヨン)、文芸峰(ムン・イェボン)、金一海(キム・イルヘ)、金福鎮(キム・ブクチン)、林雲鶴(イム・ウナク)