8月 092016
 
 2016年8月9日  ガバナンス, 不正, 中国

Abstract:

The Chinese government has long been suspected of hiring as many as 2,000,000 people to surreptitiously insert huge numbers of pseudonymous and other deceptive writings into the stream of real social media posts, as if they were the genuine opinions of ordinary people. Many academics, and most journalists and activists, claim that these so-called “50c party” posts vociferously argue for the government’s side in political and policy debates. As we show, this is also true of the vast majority of posts openly accused on social media of being 50c. Yet, almost no systematic empirical evidence exists for this claim, or, more importantly, for the Chinese regime’s strategic objective in pursuing this activity. In the first large scale empirical analysis of this operation, we show how to identify the secretive authors of these posts, the posts written by them, and their content. We estimate that the government fabricates and posts about 448 million social media comments a year. In contrast to prior claims, we show that the Chinese regime’s strategy is to avoid arguing with skeptics of the party and the government, and to not even discuss controversial issues. We infer that the goal of this massive secretive operation is instead to regularly distract the public and change the subject, as most of the these posts involve cheerleading for China, the revolutionary history of the Communist Party, or other symbols of the regime. We discuss how these results fit with what is known about the Chinese censorship program, and suggest how they may change our broader theoretical understanding of “common knowledge” and information control in authoritarian regimes.
http://gking.harvard.edu/50c


4月 202014
 

中国、商船三井の船舶差し押さえ 徴用船賠償めぐり
2014.4.20 16:31 [日中関係]
 日中戦争勃発前年の1936年に日本の海運会社に船舶を貸し出した中国の会社経営者の親族が未払いの賃貸料を含む賠償を求めた訴訟に絡み、上海海事法院は19日、海運会社の流れをくむ商船三井が賠償に応じていないとして浙江省の港で同社が所有する船舶を差し押さえた。

 上海市当局が20日、明らかにした。

 戦後賠償をめぐる訴訟で日本企業の資産が差し押さえられるのは初めてとみられる。中国では現在、日中戦争中の強制連行被害者らが日本企業に損害賠償を求めて提訴する動きが相次いでおり、原告勝訴の場合、今回と同様に中国国内の資産が差し押さえられる可能性が出てきた。(共同)